TERRITORIES, KINSHIP AND STRATEGIES FOR THE CONTROL OF NATURAL RESOURCES IN THE REGION OF JAPURÁ-MARAÃ, AMAZONAS.

Edna Ferreira Alencar, Isabel Soares de Sousa, Ana Cláudia Torres Gonçalves

Abstract


This article highlights the main features of the territoriality of social groups that occupy the communities located in the japura-Maraã region, which encompasses part of the territories of the Mamirauá and Amanã SDRs, AM, and the strategies used by households to guarantee access to natural resources. The analysed data are the result of research that aimed to map the territories occupied by different social groups that form communities, seeking to identify situations of conflict and their relation to the control of access to natural resources in areas where fishing resource management activities are being undertaken. The analysis shows that, in the last one hundred years, the geographic mobility of families in search of natural resources has contributed to the formation of territories that have lakes and land rich in forest resources. These families, who settled in several villages, built social relationships and a large territory, and exercised control over access to natural resources, giving priority to members of their kinship group. It was concluded that competition for territories with former residents who migrated to urban areas, and alliances with external actors, such as fishing entrepreneurs, hinder the work of building territorial pacts and generate conflicts.

Keywords


Human occupation; Kinship; Territoriality; Natural resources; Social conflicts; Ocupação humana; Parentesco; Territorialidade; Recursos naturais; Conflitos sociais

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